Skip to Content

Polish Placek – An Enriched Sweet Bread

Thanks for sharing!

This sweet bread is topped with buttery crumb topping for a delicious treat.  Bake it as a loaf or as a round for an extra special treat with your coffee or tea.  It is an Easter time tradition, but is great all year long.

first slice of crumb topped placek being lifted out of round cake-like loaf

This sweet treat is part bread and part coffee cake.  It is a perfect addition to your breakfast or brunch menu.  It is fabulous on its own fresh, but with a smear of butter or jam it is great for several days. 

It is an Easter tradition in many places, but there is no reason you can’t enjoy a slice any time.  A batch makes two loaves (or cakes) so enjoy one now and freeze one for later!

With Easter right around the corner, I knew I wanted to do something fun and a little different.  With this year’s Easter Open House being a brunch theme, I had the perfect venue to serve lots of coffee cake!

Nana’s family is Polish, so I thought it would be fun to try out another fun Polish recipe.  The lemony babka from I made last year around Easter was so fun, I knew there had to be more delicious Polish recipes that would fit the bill.

mixer beating butter next to bowl of bubbly sponge ready to be mixed in.
Bowl of bubbly sponge next to creamed butter mixture

There were quite a few fun versions of Polish placek out there.  All started with a rich yeast dough, full of butter and eggs.

Then they are topped with a crumb topping called Kruszynki.  Most were baked in loaf pans and they all looked delicious.

I found a recipe on a Polish parish’s website that was from a newspaper clipping dated March 17, 1966.  This is Mrs. Mary Lipinski’s recipe of 124 Colt Street, city unknown.  

It seemed like Mary might know a thing or two about placek, so I knew this would be the recipe I would go with.

pans of placek dough next to bowl of crumb topping.

The first time I made it, I followed the recipe to a “T.”  That is always a great place to start, especially when it comes to baking.

That was a really large recipe, meant to yield 4 loafs.  Which is a lot of placek, even for my big family of eaters.  So this time I decided to make some tweaks and shrink it down a bit.

Below is the original recipe in case that is what you are looking for.   I baked it in 12″ cast iron skillet and a 9″ one as well.  However it was intended to be baked in either 4 9×5″ loaf pans, 4 9″ round cake pans, or a combination of the two.

one loaf shaped cake and one round cake on cooling rack

Polish Placek Coffee Cake – Big Batch Recipe

Makes 4 loaves or 1 12″ and 1 9″ round (Serves 32)

Part 1 Ingredients
  • 2 cups scalded milk, lukewarm
  • 2 Tablespoons granulated sugar
  • 3 cups all purpose flour
  • 1 Tablespoon dry active yeast
Part 2 Ingredients
  • 1.5 cups softened butter
  • 2 cups sugar
  • 6 eggs
  • 1 Tablespoon salt
  • 4 cups all purpose flour
  • 2 teaspoons vanilla
Kruszynki (Crumb Topping):
  • 1.25 cups all purpose flour
  • 3/4 cups granulated sugar
  • 1/4 cup softened butter
  1. In a large mixing bowl, mix together all of the ingredients in the part one list.  Cover with a towel and let rise for a half hour.
  2. In your mixer, beat the butter until light and fluffy.  Add sugar and beat until completely combined.  Add eggs one at a time, beating between each addition.  Add flour, salt and vanilla and mix until just combined.  
  3. Stir together the yeast mixture and the butter mixture until if form a soft (and very sticky) dough.  Place in greased pans and let rise until doubled in size.  Don’t let them rise over 3/4 of the way up the pans, so they don’t go over while baking.
  4. In a small bowl, mix sugar and flour for crumb topping.  Use a fork to cut the butter into the sugar, flour mixture.  Sprinkle over dough.
  5. Bake at 350 F for 30-40 minutes for loaves and 35-45 for cast iron skillets.  Mary says not to over bake them because the dough will get dark. 

Placek History and Pronunciation

It seems like the word placek just means cake in Polish.  It is pronounced “plah-sek.”

I am not sure how original this is to Poland itself, but it seems a lot of American cities with large Polish population have a history of placek.  It is often served at Easter time.

I suppose that is why almost every recipe you find makes a TON.  I suppose the grandmas doing the baking are expecting a crowd.

Luckily they do freeze well, so I guess if you are baking some you might as well bake a lot. Then you can have an easy treat later.

slices of streusel topped buttery slices of placek coffee cake bread ready to eat

Most recipes include golden raisins in the dough.  You can add them in while you are mixing it up.

I am not surprised as my Polish babka recipe also included raisins. My family is mixed on being raisin fans, so I opted to leave them out this time.

You can also add nuts to the crumb mixture.  Walnuts seem to be a popular addition, but again I opted to leave them out this time.

slice of butter crumb topped placek bread with butter spread over it.

Things to Know Before You Start

This bread essentially rises three times.  There is the sponge, the proofing and the final rise.

So it does take a little time, but that equals flavor! If you want to spread it out, you can chill the dough after the proof.

Just cover the bowl with plastic wrap and put the proved dough in the refrigerator for up to three days.  Let it come back to room temperature, then put it in your prepared baking pans.

slice of butter placek coffee cake with crumb topping

The dough is more of a thick batter.  It will not come into a ball like regular bread dough.  It should get kind of smooth and elastic as the gluten is worked, but it will remain sticky and loose.

You can mix in all of the flour by hand, but you will thank yourself if you use a mixer.  It makes getting the gluten developed a lot easier!

More crumb topped coffee cake recipes

Great-great-grandma’s dutch apple cake recipe has been in my family for generations.  It is a simple cake topped with apples and plenty of golden topping.  It is great as a coffee cake at breakfast, for an afternoon treat or as a simple dessert.

Use fresh or frozen peaches to make all of your breakfast dreams come true. Peach coffee cake is perfect for tea time too. It’s an old fashioned recipe that will quickly become a an all time favorite.

first slice of crumb topped placek being lifted out of round cake-like loaf

Polish Placek

This sweet bread is topped with buttery crumb topping for a delicious treat. Bake it as a loaf or as a round for an extra special treat with your coffee or tea. It is an Easter time tradition, but is great all year long.
4.57 from 32 ratings
Prep Time 5 hours
Cook Time 40 minutes
Total Time 5 hours 40 minutes
Course Breakfast
Cuisine American
Servings 24 Servings
Calories 186 kcal




  • ½ cup butter softened
  • 1 cup sugar
  • 3 eggs at room temperature
  • ½ teaspoon salt
  • dash nutmeg
  • zest of lemon or orange or 1/2 teaspoon lemon extract
  • cups flour

Crumb Topping

  • 3 Tablespoons butter softened
  • cup sugar
  • ½ cup flour



  • Warm the milk to about 105°F. It should be warm to the touch, but not so warm you couldn’t keep your finger it in.
  • Pour into a large bowl. Stir in the sugar and yeast, let sit for about 15 minutes. It should by foamy and active.
  • Stir in the flour and let sit until about doubled in size, about 45 minutes.
  • During this time pull the butter and eggs out of the refrigerator for the dough if you haven’t already. 


  • Cream together the butter and sugar until it’s light and fluffy.
  • Add the eggs, one at a time, mixing well between each addition.
  • Stir in the salt, nutmeg and zest or extract.  
  • Add 1 cup flour, beating until combined.  Add sponge and remaining flour. Beat for 5 minutes.  The batter should be smooth and elastic, but still sticky.  It is more of a stiff batter than a ball of dough. 
  • Place in a greased bowl and cover with plastic wrap or a damp towel.  Allow to rise until doubled, about 1 1/2 – 2 hours. 
  • The proofed dough can be left covered and refrigerated for up the 3 days at this point. (Just allow it to come to room temperature again before proceeding.)

Crumb Topping and Baking

  • Grease 2 9×5-inch loaf pans, 2 9-inch round cake pans, or one of each. Punch down the proofed dough and put half in each pan.  Using damp or greased fingers, press the dough to the edges of the pan. 
  • Cut together the crumb ingredients until they are crumbly and well mixed. Sprinkle half over each part of the dough.  Press lightly to affix to the dough.
  • Cover and let rise until they are risen almost to the top of the pans, about 1 1/2 hours. 
  • Preheat oven to 325°F. Bake 35-40 minutes.  They should be golden on top. 
  • Cool in the pans for 10 minutes, then remove from pan and place on wire rack until completely cool. 
  • Store in airtight container at room temperature or wrap and freeze for up to 3 months.
  • Serve slightly warmed or at room temperature with a spread of butter or preserves. 


Serving: 1ServingCalories: 186kcalCarbohydrates: 29gProtein: 4gFat: 6gSaturated Fat: 4gPolyunsaturated Fat: 2gCholesterol: 38mgSodium: 101mgFiber: 1gSugar: 12g
Tried this recipe?Mention @carleecooks or tag #cookingwcarlee!
This sweet bread is topped with buttery crumb topping for a delicious treat.  Bake it as a loaf or as a round for an extra special treat with your coffee or tea.  It is an Easter time tradition, but is great all year long.

Thanks for sharing!

Recipe Rating


Sunday 13th of August 2023

We always added fresh squeezed orange juice of 6 large oranges- considering the recipe starts with "get 25 pounds of flour, a dozen eggs, 1/2 gallon fresh milk (eg, not homogenised), and 2 lbs of butter... 6 oranges isn't as much as it sounds like.

Although we made the kind with golden raisins (soaked in brown-sugar dissolved in hot water over night), we also did a roulade with prunes and one with apricots.

Also, the cruszynki was only put on just before the final proof, and we were careful not to overload the middle.

My favourite was always the prune. This was made on Good Friday, because with a zillion loaves it took all day and the general idea is if you are going to suffer baking it might as well be Good Friday ... but something about cruszynki .. my great grandmother's recipe directs you to make two large wooden bowlfuls - one goes on the table, with a dish towel over it and one goes on the icebox, also with a dish towel over it.

It never again mentions the bowl on the table. I asked why- and was told to make it and see. Everyone who goes past the bowl on the table nicks a little bit and in time the bowl was empty. Everyone stayed clear of the one on the icebox... my beloved little Babci, instead of getting angry at people stealing the crumble she just made enough so people could happily steal the yummy bits. And for me, that's at the heart of Polish food- it's got love inside, augmented and made so much sweeter by the joy of the person making the traditional food- sharing age old traditions with those she (he) loves- even if it took every bread pan she owned, plus spending all day in a sweaty kitchen with the acrid aroma of freshly ground horseradish and the garlicy steam from the boiling biala kielbasa.

Please don't tell anyone about the oranges. It's her secret ingredient. ;) ;) ;) Shhh.


Sunday 13th of August 2023

I love everything about this so much! I'll bet the oranges are a great addition, but I won't tell anyone!! 😉


Sunday 26th of March 2023

I made this recipe last Easter and it reminded us if the placzek my grandmother made. I will be making it again this year. Thank you for sharing it - it brought back many wonderful memories.


Monday 27th of March 2023

That makes me so happy, thank you!


Friday 3rd of March 2023

Do you ever add fillings like cheese?


Friday 3rd of March 2023

I haven't, but that sounds delicious!

Mary Ann Linahan

Saturday 16th of April 2022

I have tried a lot of placek recipes, trying to recreate my grandmother (Babcia)'s recipe. (She made hers with egg yolks, and used the whites for angel food cakes-yum!) I made this today for Easter, and this recipe is excellent! The three risings make it very light and fluffy. It's a sweet, but not too sweet, coffee cake/bread. The perfect Easter breakfast with some soft butter and a cup of coffee. This is definitely a keeper.


Saturday 16th of April 2022

That makes me so happy!! I am so glad you liked it!

Marty Biniasz

Friday 22nd of October 2021

Mary Lipinski was my grandmother! Proud resident of Buffalo's Polonia District! See more at: